Erectile Dysfunction: Signs, Symptoms, and Complications

Erectile Dysfunction: Signs, Symptoms, and Complications

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the inability to attain or keep an erection good enough for sexual intercourse. Another term used for this condition is impotence.

Having erectile dysfunction occasionally is not a cause of concern. Men experience this condition during stressful times. Frequent erectile dysfunction, however, denotes health problems that may require medical intervention. In many cases, ED is a byproduct of emotional problems or lack of warmth in a relationship. Regardless of the reason, it is imperative to discuss your ED case with a qualified professional.

What is the Mechanism Behind an Erection?

Before explaining erection issue, it is worth looking into the key factors that cause an erection. An erection occurs as a result of increased blood flow in your penis. Stimulants leading to this enhanced blood flow include direct contact with the penis or sexual thoughts.

Sexual excitement in a man causes penile muscles to relax, allowing for an increased blood flow through the arteries in the penis. Consequently, the two chambers inside the penis get filled with blood, leading to an erection.

Muscle contraction and the resultant squeezing out of the blood through penile veins causes an end to the erection.

What are the Reasons for Erectile Dysfunction?

Common causes include both physical and psychological conditions. Those conditions are:

  • Hypertension
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Low testosterone levels
  • Aging
  • Kidney disease
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Stress
  • Peyronie’s disease
  • Alcohol and tobacco consumption
  • Medications that cause high blood pressure
  • Damage to the pelvic region due to injury or surgery

One or more of these reasons can cause erectile dysfunction, so be sure to speak to your doctor to rule out a medical condition.

What are the Signs of Erectile Dysfunction?

The primary sign is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection. Occasional loss of erection doesn’t usually require medical intervention. However, consistent inability is a sign that you have ED.

There is no hard and fast rule on what time frame of inability to maintain or achieve an erection necessitates a person to get diagnosed for ED. According to some experts, you must get tested for this condition if this time frame has extended to six months.

Nonetheless, this doesn’t refer to the complete inability to achieve an erection. Struggling to maintain an erection long enough to complete sexual intercourse also falls into the category of erectile dysfunction.

Some emotional problems such as anxiety, shame, embarrassment, and lack of interest in sexual intercourse are also the reasons for ED.

How To Diagnose Erectile Dysfunction?

Diagnosing erectile dysfunction involves several steps, including physical exams and reviewing your sexual and health history. Your doctor may also run additional tests to check whether your symptoms are due to an underlying disease.

Here are the steps involved in diagnosing ED:

  • Physical exam
  • Psychological history
  • Additional medical tests (ultrasound, NPT, urine test, injection test, blood tests, etc.)

What are ED Treatment Options?

The doctor will formulate the treatment plan to help you with your erectile dysfunction based on your diagnosis. The doctor may consider more than one treatment option depending on the severity of your issue. Usually, the doctor asks for your preferences and those of your partner when formulating a treatment plan.

Below are the standard options for Erectile Dysfunction treatment in Dubai (علاج ضعف الانتصاب في دبي).

Oral Medication

Oral medication successfully treats erectile dysfunction in a majority of cases. The most common medications include:

  • Avanafil (Stendra)
  • Tadalafil (Adcirca, Cialis)
  • Sildenafil (Viagra)
  • Vardenafil (Levitra)

These medications enhance the effects of nitric oxide – a natural compound in the body that keeps your penile muscles relaxed. As a result, you get an increased blood flow in the penile veins when you are introduced to a sexual stimulant.

Other Medications

Other forms of medications to treat erection issues include injections and urethral inserts. Here is a quick overview of those treatments.

  • Alprostadil self-injection: This treatment uses a fine needle to inject alprostadil into the side or base of the penis. This injection comes into effect in a few minutes of administering, causing an erection that may last up to an hour.
  • Alprostadil urethral suppository: This treatment involves placing an alprostadil suppository inside the penile urethra. The procedure to place this suppository is carried out with the help of a specific applicator. This treatment gives an erection of 30 to 60 minutes.
  • Testosterone replacement: Some cases of erectile dysfunction get complicated by low levels of testosterone. Testosterone replacement is usually the most viable treatment in this regard.
  • P-Shot injections: A P-shot injection in Dubai contains platelet-rich plasma (PRP) from the patient’s own body. This PRP is injected into the penis to promote its tissue growth. As a result, you get better and enhanced erections.

Psychological Counseling

In many cases, erectile dysfunction happens as a result of anxiety, depression, and stress. Sometimes, lack of intimacy in a relationship also causes ED. Such cases are generally treatable with psychological counseling.


While supplementation seems a promising treatment for erectile dysfunction, you have to be very careful with it. Many supplements contain harmful ingredients that may do more harm than good. Therefore, it is highly recommended to speak to your doctor about any supplement you want to take to treat your ED.

Final Thoughts

Erectile dysfunction is a problematic issue for a majority of men worldwide. Fortunately, you can follow some effective measures to prevent or treat ED. Your best bet is to speak to your doctor about your problem. Based on the initial analysis, your doctor will refer you to a professional to treat your condition.

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