Vertigo Medications

What Are the top 10 best Vertigo Medications?

If you’re suffering from Vertigo & are tired of feeling dizzy, nauseous, motion sick, & a sensation of spinning all the time. It’s likely that you will be looking for some vertigo treatment methods. Vertigo treatment involves vertigo exercises, vertigo medications, & some home remedies. Vertigo medicines are of different types and categories, & basically, help relieve lots of vertigo symptoms. 

Some of these are used for dizziness treatment, some help treats hearing loss arising from vertigo causes like Meniere’s Disease, while some others help treat spinning sensations, nausea, & motion sickness. Your doctor can determine just which vertigo medicines are the best for you based on your symptoms & exact medical history.

In this article, we look at some of the most popular Vertigo medicines, their uses, benefits, & side effects. Unless your case is particularly different or unique, your doctor will give you one or more medicines mentioned in the list below. 

1. Meclizine (also known as Antivert, Bonine, D-vert, Dramamine less drowsy, Meclicot, Medivert, Ru-vert-M, Meni-D)

Meclizine is a popular vertigo medicine, used for Vertigo treatment & dizziness treatment. Meclizine is an antihistamine, a class of medicines that reduce the effect of the natural chemical histamine in the body. Meclizine is used to treat nausea, dizziness, vomiting, & motion sickness caused by vertigo & other vestibular illnesses. 

It is also used to treat vertigo symptoms like dizziness or spinning sensations that are caused by Meniere’s Disease. It is an inner ear disorder that can lead to vertigo, dizziness, balance problems, nausea, ear pain, tinnitus, pressure in the ears, & hearing loss

Meclizine Tablet warnings:

Do not take Meclizine if you’re allergic to its contents. Before taking Meclizine, inform your doctor if you have any of the following conditions:

  • liver disease
  • kidney disease
  • asthma
  • glaucoma
  • enlarged prostate
  • urination problems

Meclizine tablets may cause drowsiness, so be careful not to drive or perform any activities that could be dangerous if you feel drowsy. Do not drink alcohol while taking Meclizine as it may increase drowsiness & sleepiness. Other medicines that you’re taking for other medical conditions like cold or allergy medicines, sedatives, narcotic pain medicines, sleeping pills, muscle relaxers, medications for seizures, and depression & anxiety medications can also increase the drowsiness experienced by the patient.

Inform your doctor if you’re planning to become pregnant or are currently pregnant, lactating, or breastfeeding before starting Meclizine. You should take Meclizine in the dosages & frequency specified by your doctor. Do not exceed or take less than the recommended dose.

If you’re prescribed Meclizine in tablet form, you must chew the tablet before you swallow it. To prevent motion sickness, take Meclizine 1 hour before you travel, or perform any activity that causes you to be motion sick. You can also take one tablet every 24 hours of traveling to further prevent motion sickness.

Meclizine can also affect your allergy tests. Do inform your doctor that you’re taking Meclizine if you go in for a skin allergy test. 

2. Phenergan(also known as Phenadoz & Promethegan)

Phenergan belongs to a group of medicines called phenothiazines. It changes the effects of certain chemicals on your brain. In addition to that, it is also an antihistamine, & blocks the effect of the natural chemical histamine in the body. Phenergan is used to treat allergy symptoms like runny nose, itchy or watery eyes, swelling, rashes, & itchy skin. Phenergan also treats motion sickness, nausea, vomiting & pain after surgery. Additionally, it is also used as a sedative & sleeping aid.

Phenergan warnings:

Call your doctor immediately if you experience uncontrollable twitching or uncomfortable movements of the eyes, lips, tongue, face, arms, or legs, as these could be early signs of a dangerous side effect. Phenergan can cause changes to your thinking process & impair reaction time. Take care while driving or performing any activity where you need to be focused & react quickly.

Alcohol can increase the drowsiness experienced when using Phenergan, hence, it is advisable not to take the two together. Be sure to inform your doctor if you suffer from any one or more of the following conditions: 

  • asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), sleep apnea, or any other breathing disorder
  • sulfite allergy
  • previous seizures
  • a weak immune system (bone marrow depression)
  • glaucoma
  • enlarged prostate or urinary issues
  • stomach ulcer or gastric obstruction
  • heart disease or hypertension(high blood pressure)
  • liver disease
  • adrenal gland tumor (pheochromocytoma)
  • low levels of calcium in blood (hypocalcemia)
  • A documented allergic reaction to phenergan or any other phenothiazine.

Also, inform your doctor if you plan on becoming pregnant, or are pregnant, breastfeeding or lactating, before taking this medicine.  You should take Phenergan as recommended by your doctor. Do not exceed or take lesser than the specified dosage. Phenergan is usually taken at bedtime or before meals. You should take Phenergan 1 hour before traveling for Motion Sickness, & the night before any surgery. Phenergan may also interfere with certain medical tests. Tell your doctor beforehand that you’re taking the medication before they start interpreting the test results.

Some common side effects of this Vertigo medicine include:
  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Double vision or diplopia
  • Feeling of being nervous or anxious
  • Dry mouth
  • Feeling fatigued
  • Sleeping problems or insomnia

3. Ativan (lorazepam)

Ativan, which is the generic name for lorazepam, is a prescription tranquilizing medicine. It is sometimes also called a sedative-hypnotic or anxiolytic medication. Ativan falls under the category of medications called benzodiazepines. It is used to treat symptoms of anxiety, insomnia, & status epilepticus, which is a kind of severe seizure. Ativan can either be given in a tablet form or as an intravenous injection

Ativan Side effects:

The side effects of Ativan can be mild or serious depending on the dosage & your overall health. Usually, the side effects of Ativan will be from amongst the list mentioned below.

  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Weakness
  • Confusion
  • Lack of coordination
  • Depression
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Restlessness

If you receive Ativan via injection, pain or redness at the injection site are common side effects. Since Ativan has the potential to cause drowsiness & impact your reactions, patients are advised not to drive or indulge in any activity that requires complete focus or concentration. Most of these side effects will go away as your body adjusts to Ativan. However, if they persist even after a few weeks or get progressively worse, notify your doctor right away. You should take Ativan in dosages recommended by your doctor. Do not exceed or take less than the specified doses.

If serious side effects like trouble breathing, suicidal thoughts, severe rashes or hives, swelling of lips, face, or tongue, & rapid heartbeat arise, stop using Ativan & call your doctor immediately.  In some cases, Ativan can also cause drug dependence & rebound effects, where the patient returns to their original state before starting the medicine on stopping it. This is especially common in patients who take Ativan for a longer duration, more than 4 months. 

Anytime you’re trying to get off Ativan, you should always talk to your doctor beforehand & never try to go cold turkey.  You should always inform your doctor if your Vertigo medications aren’t helping in resolving or reducing the intensity of your vertigo symptoms at all, even after a few weeks or months of taking those. Your doctor will likely go for a rediagnosis of your condition to see if it has worsened beyond medicinal therapy, or will switch your medications. They may also ask you to go for certain tests to determine the exact reason the vertigo medicine(s) aren’t working, & may add or deduct certain vertigo treatment therapies from your schedule. 

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