Many patients ask whether wisdom tooth are really necessary since so many people have them removed. First of all we must know what actually a wisdom tooth is? Why they are taken out? What are its symptoms? What Problems are faced? What are the treatments available? In this blog, we will answer all the above questions.
What is a Wisdom Tooth?
Wisdom teeth are the back end teeth into the mouth of an adult. They usually come when around ages 17 to 21. We are blessed with four wisdom teeth two on top and two at bottom. Wisdom teeth are also called as molars. These are the widest teeth and toughest one that grind food.
Why some people get their wisdom tooth removed?
As per the survey done, near about 10 million wisdom teeth are removed worldwide but that doesn’t means every person has to get their wisdom tooth get extracted. Theirs a scientific reason behind the removal.
The fact is that wisdom teeth are a valuable asset to the mouth when they are healthy and properly positioned. One of the main reasons for getting it removed is that tooth may not get the enough space to grow and come out from the gum like it should because of that problem occur and it sometimes is better to get them removed.
For example, when the jaw isn’t large enough, the wisdom teeth can become impacted – misaligned or unable to grow in properly. They may grow sideways, emerge only part way from the gum or remain trapped beneath the gum and bone.
What are the possible reasons for extraction of wisdom tooth?
The reasons wisdom teeth may have to be extracted include:
- The teeth have only partially erupted. This leaves an opening for bacteria which cause infection.
- There is a chance the wisdom teeth will damage adjacent teeth.
- A cyst forms which may destroy surrounding structures such as bone or tooth roots.
- Due to cavities on the wisdom tooth
- Because of Lesions (abnormal looking tissue) it may affect other teeth
What does Public Health Experts Suggest for wisdom tooth extraction?
Public Health Experts suggest that taking out healthy teeth is not a good idea. As already said that the fact is that wisdom teeth are a valuable asset to the mouth when they are healthy and properly positioned. So go for tooth extraction when you need it in situations like-
- When a cyst is there in the tissue which can further lead to bone loss
- When the tooth doesn’t grow well because of not getting sufficient space in gum to grow.
- When wisdom tooth is affecting adjacent teeth by eating away the roots
- When you find bacteria and plaque build around the tooth.
In the above situations they recommend to get the tooth extracted as a precaution to prevent other dental problems in future.
What are the treatments available for wisdom tooth removal?
What type of treatment you undergo depends upon the patient’s problem. It depends upon the gum that how much teeth of yours is out from the gum.
- If it has come out completely than dentist goes for simple extraction.
- If tooth has not grown yet and still below the gum line than it is recommended by dentist for surgical extraction.
What you can expect at the time of oral surgery?
Your dentist will give you an injection of anesthesia near the site of extraction so that you don’t experience much pain. There are three types of anesthesia – Local anesthesia, Sedation anesthesia and General anesthesia. It is given to the patient depending on how complex is the wisdom tooth extraction and patients comfort.
What things to keep in mind after surgery?
- After the surgery how early you get recover depend upon the type of anesthesia given to you. If its sedation or general than you will be shifted to recovery room and if it’s local anesthesia than you will get recovered early in the dental chair only.
- It is important to follow the instructions given by the dentist after surgery so as to get heal from the surgery at the earliest
- If you are experiencing bleeding on the very next day after the surgery avoid excessive spitting and as per the dentist supervision replace the gauze.
- If you are having swellings try to do self-care initially by holding a cold pack against the jaw to control the swelling.
- Also for pain management you can go for the medications as prescribed by your oral surgeon.
- Keep yourself Hydrated, Drink lots of water and avoid taking alcohol, caffeinated, carbonated or hot beverages for the first 24 hours.
- Food intake should be soft on the very first day like yogurt. After that you can go for semisoft food when you are able to chew. Otherwise go for soft food only. Also avoid hot and spicy food.
When to see doctor after wisdom tooth extraction (Symptoms)
Usually, when you are infected with any sort of infection for the wisdom tooth, you don’t feel the pain right where the wisdom tooth lies. This happens because when a wisdom tooth gets infected it impacts on other teeth health or give birth to other dental problems.
What are the expected symptoms?
- When you experience of having red or swollen gums
- When your gums tender or bleed
- You casually feel the jaw pain
- There’s a swelling around the jaw
- You have bad breath
- Presence of unpleasant taste in mouth
- Feels to have difficulty in opening mouth
In nutshell, removal of wisdom tooth depends upon the growth of the tooth whether its getting enough space to grow or not. Ask your dentist about the health and positioning of your wisdom teeth.
Your dentist will tell you if there are any issues and will recommend any steps needed.